Marginal mandibular branch of facial nerve
However, a wide range of landmarks have been proposed in the literature and often due to historic reasons, some of the most widely used rely on soft tissue landmarks which are variable between individuals [ 4 ]. In contrast to the upper ZN, the lower ZN was located more superficially 1. Following dissection and identification of the nerve being evaluated, its course can be documented by carefully exposing and digitising it in short segments. When branches of BN coursed inferior to duct, observed at The facial nerve itself has a variable anatomy, making consistent landmarks difficult to identify.
[Anatomy of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve]. - Abstract - Europe PMC
Nuclei Anterior olfactory nucleus Course olfactory bulb olfactory tract. Figure 6 shows depressor labii and platysma muscles of the normal an example of a patient who underwent EDBT. Wikiversity 0 entries edit. Paralysis of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve. Anatomy and clinical consequences. Abstract Introduction Facial nerve injury may have devastating effects on function, aesthetics and the social interaction of the affected patients. Towards the oral cavity it is covered by the mucous membrane and the posterior tail of the submandibular gland, so that it can often be visualized as a pale shade by tautening the soft tissues of the posterior glossoalveolar sulcus.
FTN observed to be protected by parotid-temporal fascia as it courses over the zygomatic arch. The facial nerve itself has a variable anatomy, making consistent landmarks difficult to identify. Clinically important ramifications of the 3rd division of trigeminal nerve CN V3: To evaluate the feasibility of neurotisation of facial nerve branches with ipsilateral masseteric nerve: The aim of this review was to discuss anatomic landmarks for localisation of the branches of the facial nerve Materials and Methods A systematic literature review of English articles since was performed using search terms pertaining to facial nerve anatomy.